Hellenistic & Hasmonean
Alexander the Great of Macedon gained power of Israel in 332 BCE, ushering in the Hellenistic (Greek) era. After Alexander the Great's death, his kingdom was split amongst different rulers, the two most notable becoming the Ptolemy's in Egypt and Seleucid's in Syria-Phoenicia. See the Tyrian Shekel on the coin page for information on the Seleucid's. A Prophecy in Daniel details the numerous conflicts and political changes between these two groups. A Seleucid leader Antiochus Epiphanes (in 156 BCE), who controlled Jerusalem at the time, offered a Pig on the Alter of the Jerusalem Temple and declared himself god. This prompted an uprising led by the Maccabees; ushering in the Hasmonean era. See also the Widows Mite on the coin page.